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Descriptive Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention and Control

There is a five-fold difference in male cancer incidence rates worldwide and a four-fold difference in female rates. Male rates are highest in the USA, Hungary and New Zealand and are lowest in Niger, Gambia and the Congo. Female cancer incidence rates are highest in the USA, Israel and New Zealand and lowest are in Tunisia, Gambia and Oman (Figure One1). Cancer prevalence It is estimated that worldwide there are 24.6 million people alive who have received a diagnosis of cancer in the last five years. Around half of these people live in Europe and North America. Prevalence includes people with a diagnosis who will be cured and others who will die, and reflects both the incidence of cancer and its associated survival pattern.

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